RRP 1: Conservation, management and enhancement of genetic resources
The conservation of plant genetic resources (PGR) is a prerequisite for their future use. PGR play a key role in the development of stress-resistant, high-yielding and high-quality cultivars of major crop species. They also offer farmers some production alternatives for higher income.
Against this background, in 1991, ICRISAT established the Genebank at the ICRISAT Sahelian Center (ISC) in Sadoré, with the following objectives:
Over 36,485 accessions are preserved in two cold rooms (2°C and16°C) and 20 deep freezers. Additionally there is a seed laboratory for germination tests, seed inspection and packing, a greenhouse for raising delicate accessions, and irrigable fields for the conservation of tree species.
Collections conserved ex situ in the Genebank
Active or working collections
Ex-situ living plants collection
In 2001 we started a collection of tree species and varieties at ISC to provide vegetal material for propagation. We also aim to become a reference collection center of useful trees in the semi-arid tropics of West and Central Africa. The fruit trees are planted under drip irrigation. Collections cover a wide range of local and exotic useful species including fruit trees, vegetable plants, and vegetable oil species. A total of 151 varieties representing 40 species are planted.
The Genebank activities are funded by ICRISAT and the World Bank Genebank Up-grading Project.
Contact: Bettina Haussmann, Principal Scientist, based in Niamey
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